A summary of waste disposal laws
The legislation is very clear when it comes to the disposal of waste and environmental crimes. In recent years, the Brazilian Law No. 12,305 / 10 established the National Policy on Solid Waste (PNRS - Brazil), which established the necessary practices so that no one could incur an environmental crime. But first, what would be characterized as an environmental crime?
A crime is characterized by any violation of the common law, and in the environmental case, it is any action that negatively affects the fauna or the flora, or it will cause pollution to the environment, such as through the incorrect disposal of waste.
Violation of the Laws concerning the disposal of solid waste may result in penalties in the form of fines on the violator of the legislation.
However, it is possible to avoid these fines and penalties and still generate profit in the management of solid waste.
The challenge in managing organic waste from pruning and the consequences of incorrect disposal
It is a known fact that afforestation in cities, residential areas and even companies green areas is something that makes the environment much more pleasant and healthy, especially for the environment. However, the maintenance of these plants and trees incurs a large volume of pruning, which can generate high costs in the transportation of pruning remains, as well as environmental disposal challenges.
The large volume of pruning leads to a large number of trips due to the transport of the material to the unloading site.
In addition, the disposal of raw material in nature is one of the sources of greenhouse gases.
The open decomposition of antlers, foliage and leftover food creates an accumulation of greenhouse gases that are released into the atmosphere.
Who is affected by environmental disposal regulations?
Put simply, everyone. Everyone who produces organic waste is involved, but particularly who performs large-scale gardening, such as prefectures, companies that have green areas, urban cleaning service providers, farmers and condominiums.
All of these rely on good equipment to perform the proper disposal of organic waste.
The solution for waste disposal - Composting
For the afforestation of cities and other areas to be a profitable process, since afforestation is vital, it is necessary to reuse the waste, and the best way is through organic composting.
Composting presents the solution to the challenges faced in the various stages of green pruning and waste management.
How Large-Scale Composting Works
Composting is a biological process in which microorganisms transform organic waste into organic fertilizer. This decomposition of organic matter is something that already happens in the environment, but the composting presents an accelerated and controlled decomposition.
This process can be done on a large scale by putting drier material below and wetter on top, and then from time to time stir the material to aerate the entire compound. The process takes about 4 months but produces an extremely rich organic compound for soil fertilization.
Ok, but what are the benefits of composting?
Composting brings benefits in several different areas. One of the benefits is the economics of material transportation.
In order for composting to be carried out, it is necessary that the organic material be shredded, but the material can be shredded directly at the pruning collection stage and can achieve a reduction of 80% in volume compared to the non-shredded material. This represents savings of up to 80% in journeys to transport the material, and it is possible to take a much larger amount of material to the place of disposal or composting, saving time and resources used in transportation used in urban cleaning.
Another advantage is that, through composting, the decomposition of organic matter does not release greenhouse gases into the atmosphere, so it is a much cleaner process, which means not worrying about fines because of the disposal of raw material.
Another advantage is that this process creates an extremely rich organic compound for soil fertilization. Now, instead of simply spending time and money to throw the pruning debris outside, you can have in hand an organic fertilizer that can be used in gardening and afforestation of the city, condominium, company or in houses, but without the cost of buying artificial fertilizer.
Thanks to it, it is possible to carry out afforestation plans in a cost-effective way and that will increase the quality of life of the population, and for service providers, it is a differential that allows resource savings and their application in new forms of generate profit.
What do I need to get started?
Firstly, it is necessary to acquire a brush chipper to reduce the organic residues from the pruning so that it reaches the granulometry required for composting.
Then you need a place to make compost and composters for anyone who wants to make the job easier.
Now it is also possible to mix food scraps for decomposition along with pruning debris, which generates a much smaller odor than leaving the food decomposing alone.
It is then necessary to stir the material from time to time to aerate the material and wait for the process to complete.
It's that simple. Then, just apply the fertilizer where you want to significantly improve the quality of the soil, as this is very rich in humus.
This fertilizer is rich in humus
Composting presents the solution in the management of organic waste and to escape fines and fees related to the incorrect disposal of solid waste.
Composting encourages the reuse of waste, taking advantage of the material to be used instead of being discarded, to be used in afforestation plans, and in organic and syntropical agriculture.
It is totally environmentally friendly and reduces the amount of greenhouse gases released into the atmosphere.